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20120829: Giving and Following Directions 问路与指路  

2012-09-03 00:52:01|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Vocabulary:
east, south, west, north - 东南西北
up,down,left,right - 上下左右
go down/up - 下去/上去
go straight on - 直走
go straight ahead - 往前直走
go through -穿过
go past - 路过
turn left/right - 向左转
take the first left/right turn - 在第一个路口向左转
on the corner of - 在…拐角处
cross - 横过
across from - 在…对面
on the/your right/left, on the/your right/left side of the street - 在右边
stay on - 停留
next to - 旁边
opposite - 在…的对面
near - 靠近、附近
near by - 在…附近
right across from
diagonally opposite - 斜对面
diagonally on the left side - 左侧斜对面
diagonal - 对角的
oblique - 倾斜的
on foot - 步行
by train/bus/subway/metro 乘火车/车/地铁
kilometer/meter/decimeter/centimeter/millimeter/micron/nanometer  - 公里/米/分米/厘米/毫米/微米/纳米(毫微米)
mile - 英里 - 1.61公里=1英里
foot/Inch - 英尺/英寸 -  1 foot=12 inches, 2 feet=24 inches 
1公里=1000米 = 0.621 英里= 1,094 码= 3,281 英尺
1 千米(公里)= 1,000 米(公尺)= 100,000 厘米(公分) = 1,000,000 毫米(公厘)

Places:
pharmacy /a:/ / drugstore  - 药房、药店
gym - 健身房
church - 教堂
parking lot - 停车场
museum - 博物馆
stadium /ei/ - 运动场
sports club - 运动俱乐部
mall - 购物中心
bus terminal - 公车总站、巴士站
bus station - 公交车站、公车停靠站 
art gallery - 画廊、艺术馆美术馆
park - 公园
bank - 银行
hotel - 酒店
guesthouse - 宾馆、招待所 
bar - 酒吧
post office - 邮局
cafe - 咖啡店
restaurant - 餐馆、饭店
hospital - 医院
high school - 高中
computer shop - 电脑城
supermarket - 超市
dry cleaners - 干洗店
bridge - 桥
river - 河
rill - 小溪、小河
avenue大街、 大路、林荫大道
block - 街区、大厦、障碍物

Sentence: (Ask for directions)
How can I go from ... to ...
Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to the bank, please?
Excuse me. Could you tell me how to get to the bus station, please?
Excuse me. Can you give me directions to (the) ......, please?
Excuse me. Where is (the) ......?
Excuse me. How can/do I/you get to (the) ......
What's the best way to get to (the) ......

Sentence: (Directions words in use)
1) First, go down State Street until you get to 4th South Street.
Then, turn left.
Then, go down 4th South for three blocks.
It's on the right side of the street next to Wendy's.

2) (First,) go down this street (for ......blocks).
(Then,) turn left/right at the traffic lights.
(After that,) go straight on ...... Street until you get to the ......
(When you get to the ......,) turn left/right again.
(Then,) stay on ......Avenue for about ......yards/meters.
It's on your left, next to the ...... You can't miss it.

3) Turn left/right at/in/into ......Road.
Go past ......
Take the first/second left/right turn.
Take the next turn.
It's two blocks down/up this street on your left/right. - 左边沿街走下去有两个街区
Keep walking/driving until you see the ......
Cross the bridge/street. - 过桥/穿过街道
Go around the corner.
Go through the park. - 穿过公园
Go straight ahead 10 meters - 向前直走10米
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